Monday, May 25, 2020
The same situation was observed in a range of medical complications. Pathophysiological factors related to deterioration in adult patients suffering from Parkinson s diseases included constipation, acute pain, dehydration and extreme stress episodes. Further studies by Elling (2006) of patients in acute hospitals indicated that changes in the vital signs could also pre-empt deterioration of acutely unwell patients. The vital signs included the temperature, pulse, blood pressure, oxygen saturation and respiratory rates. Indications of extreme vitals sign values could be utilized to develop early warning scores that could drastically improve the state of the patient through timely medical intervention. Furthermore, studies by Lippincott and Wilkins. (2011)Also indicated that arterial blood gas measures, peripheral circulation, urinary output, airway obstruction, drain fluid loss were general predictors of deterioration in acutely unwell patients. In the case of sudden cardiac deaths, identification of physiological abnormalities significantly prevented the deterioration of the patients status. According to Tait (2012), early signs of cardiac arrest have been identified as severe chest pain before suffering cardiac arrest and sudden episodes of syncope. In addition, minor pathophysiological factors that have been related to cardiac arrest include pre-syncope, palpitation and heart murmur. We will write a custom essay sample on Care of the Deteriorating Adult Patient or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now The onset of arrhythmic syncope could further be indicated by the occurrence of syncope in the supine, exercise-related syncope, syncope with prodromal symptoms. Subsequently, deteriorating cardiac arrest patients also showed failed nervous, respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Therefore, accurate monitoring and early detection of these physiological abnormalities are essential for the prevention of sudden cardiac arrest and deaths (Elliot and Coventry, 2012). (2012) also documented early pathophysiological factors that led to early neurological deterioration( END). The occurrence of acute cerebral ischemia indicated the first signs of END worsening.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Edgar Allan PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Black CatÃ¢â¬ is a tale of a man who suffers from alcoholism. In this tale the protagonist whose name is never revealed is deranged by his addiction. The story begins with the narrator describing his love for all his pets. He says Ã¢â¬Å"I was especially fond of animals, and was indulged by my parents with a great variety of pets. With these I spent most of my time, and never was so happy as when feeding and caressing them.Ã¢â¬ (Poe p.1) Although, the narratorsÃ¢â¬â¢ personality alters when his beloved black cat becomes a falling victim to his atrocity. After arriving home intoxicated one night the man seized his cat Pluto and proceeded to carve out one of the catsÃ¢â¬â¢ eyes from the socket. As he awoke the next morning to this frightfulÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The narrator said, Ã¢â¬Å"This peculiarity of character grew with my growth, and, in my manhood, I derived from it one of my principal sources of pleasure. Ã¢â¬Å"(Poe p.2) in hopes to persuade the reader to believe in his innocence, and sincerity. The protagonist faces an internal conflict of his sanity vs. his alcoholism. The anonymous narrator also is in external conflict with Pluto because the cat symbolizes the struggle the narrator consistently endures in his alcoholism. Initially the narrator was very fond and had an Ã¢â¬Å"intensity of gratificationÃ¢â¬ for his cat Pluto, but this could be perceived as the pleasure that alcohol brings when someone has the idea of drinking being Ã¢â¬Å"funÃ¢â¬ . However, as the narratorsÃ¢â¬â¢ feelings towards Pluto grow more resentful, and angry that can be attributed to the intense decline of his personality once he starts to become more of an alcoholic. Based on the validity of this assumption, then the central idea directly links to PlutoÃ¢â¬â¢s symbolism because the narrator mistreating the cat represents how the narrator is also ill-treating himself with alcohol. Accordingly, the many terrifying d eeds the narrator pursued upon Pluto illustrated the insanity that has been induced on the narrator due to the ill-effects of his alcoholism. While the narratorsÃ¢â¬â¢ sanity continues to deteriorate, he committed anotherShow MoreRelatedAn Analysis Of Edgar Allan Poe s The Black Cat 1650 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBrittany White Mrs. Bey English 1101 1 April 2015 A Day in the Life Edgar Allan Poe is a very talked about writer. He has a dark, mysterious, gothic writing style. Poe was a troubled man that struggled in a lot of different areas in his life. It is believed that all of Edgar Allan PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s short stories were connected to his tragic life events. Ã¢â¬Å"The Black CatÃ¢â¬ is one of EdgarÃ¢â¬â¢s well-known short stories. It is about a man that endured a series of tragic events. This man was very feminine and his lackRead MoreLife Darker Than Night By Edgar Allan Poe961 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLife Darker than Night Great American writer and creator of short stories, Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston on January 19, 1809. According to Charles E. May, a literary scholar, who specializes in the study of the short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Poe is very important in the history of American culture Ã¢â¬ ¦ , he developed short fictions as a genre that was to have a major impact on American literatureÃ¢â¬ ¦ in nineteenth centuryÃ¢â¬ (May 5). Despite the huge amount short stories written and sold, Poe unsuccessfully triedRead MoreThe Great Writer And Creator Of Short Stories By Edgar Allan Poe963 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGreat American writer and creator of short stories, Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston on January 19, 1809. According to Charles E. May, a literary scholar, who specializes in the study of the short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Poe is very important in the history of American culture Ã¢â¬ ¦ , he developed short fictions as a genre that was to have a major impact on American literatureÃ¢â¬ ¦ in nineteent h centuryÃ¢â¬ (May 5). Despite the huge amount short stories written and sold, Poe unsuccessfully tried to fix his financial situationRead MoreEssay on The Black Cat by Edgar Alan Poe1083 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The Black Cat Ã¢â¬Å"The Black Cat,Ã¢â¬ short story from Edgar Alan Poe, has a few characters and many points of view that probably provide the most important elements in this short story. Therefore, the examination of the conflicts of the protagonists in Edgar Allan PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s description plays an important part with the objective of understand this short story. This paperÃ¢â¬â¢s objective is to analyze the significance of the characteristics of the protagonist. According to the American romanticist writer EdgarRead MoreSimilarities Between Edgar Allan Poe And Cask Of Amontillado1638 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEdgar Allan Poe, a writer known for his mysterious and dark works, has had a lot of time perfecting his style of writing in short stories. His short stories, all usually dealing with the concept of death, relates back to his childhood, linking to his past experiences. As a small child, Poes father had abandoned his family, leaving his mother to take care of him and his sister. When Poe turned three, his mother had passed away due to tuberculosis. Exposed to death at such a young age, it connectsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Dream In The Black Cat1146 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWith this in mind, it is irrational for a person to find the person of their dreamsÃ¢â¬âthe wife in Ã¢â¬Å"The Black CatÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âthen hit them with an axe and seal them into a wall. The narrator does this to his wife. The narrator claims that it was Ã¢â¬Å"a series of mere household eventsÃ¢â¬ and that Ã¢â¬Å"from [his] infancy [he] was noted for the docility and humanity of [his] dispositionÃ¢â¬ (Poe 349). Murder is not a mere household event, and Ã¢â¬Å"[t]he narrator cannot understand that his assault upon another person derives fromRead MoreThe Autobiographical Elements in the Works of Edgar Allan Poe1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Autobiographical Elements in the Works of Edgar Allan Poe There is no exquisite beauty without some strangeness in the proportions (Biography on Poe 8). Edgar Alan Poe endured a very difficult life and this is evident in his literary style. He was once titled the master of the macabre. One of the aspects in his life with which he struggled was social isolation. He used this as a topic in a number of poems and short stories. Poes life was also filled with periods of fear and irrationalityRead MoreSymbolism and analysis of The Fall of the House of Usher Essay829 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Edgar Allan Poe is undoubtedly one of American Literatures legendary and prolific writers, and it is normal to say that his works touched on many aspects of the human psyche and personality. While he was no psychologist, he wrote about things that could evoke the reasons behind every persons character, whether flawed or not. Some would say his works are of the horror genre, succeeding in frightening his audience into trying to finish reading the book in one sitting, but making them think beyondRead MoreThe Gothic Theme of Edgar Allen Poes Work1357 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEdgar Allen Poe was an English short-story writer whose work reflects the traditional Gothic conventions of the time that subverted the ambivalence of the grotesque and arabesque. Through thematic conventions of the Gothic genre, literary devices and his own auteur, Edgar Allan PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s texts are considered sublime examples of Gothic fiction. The Gothic genre within PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s work such as The Tell-Tale Heart, The Black Cat, and The Raven, arouse the pervasive nature of the dark side of individualism andRead MoreThe Black Cat Essay1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The Black CatÃ¢â¬ by Edgar Allan Poe Ã¢â¬Å"The Black CatÃ¢â¬ by Edgar Allan Poe is one of PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest literary works that embodies his signature themes of death, violence, and darkness. PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s main character begins his narration of his horrible wrongdoings regarding them as a Ã¢â¬Å"series of mere household eventsÃ¢â¬ (Poe 705). However, this is where PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s satire and irony begins and the story progresses to show the deranged mindset of this character as he tries to justify his actions. As the main character proceeds
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
On July 28th of the year of 1914 Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, thus marking the official start of World War I. Soon after alliances brought other countries into the war including France, Germany, Russia, Italy, and Great Britain. Austria charged into Serbia, Germany attacked Belgium and France, and Russia attacked Germany and Austria. The United States attempted to stay neutral in the war. However, due to acts of aggression against the United States, the country joined the war in April of 1917. In fall of 1918, agreements were signed and the war was reached the end. The history of the war, the events that took place, and the effects it had on the world are incredibly intriguing to learn about. However, the underlying causes of the war are extremely significant and continue to impact the world today. This is especially important because of the fact that history often repeats itself which is nonetheless proven with the rise of the second world war in the year of 1939. So what were the causes you may ask? In the shortest of terms they were: Imperialism, alliances, loss of leadership, Militarism, Nationalism, the break-up of Austria and Turkey, and lastly, the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. Imperialism caused intense tension in Europe. This led to conflict that later spread throughout the world. First, what is Imperialism? In laymanÃ¢â¬â¢s terms, it is the want for more. Countries were craving more power. They wanted supreme authority and that would involveShow MoreRelatedEffects Of World War II On The World2649 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesExam Christy Brown May 2, 2015 Prompt 6: Although the war ended in 1945, the effects of World War II are widespread throughout the 20th century and into the 21st. International relations, technological development, economic growth and failure, social upheaval, and many other areas of life were influenced by the war. Explain how World War II influenced the world since 1945. Many changes have occurred in the world today as a result of World War II. Many of those changes include economic growth andRead MoreEffects Of The Cold War On The World1572 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNguyen The Cold War was a time of conflict that occurred somewhere around 1945 and 1990 although some International scholars held the thought that the Cold War began in 1917 Russian disclosure in any case, it was between the USA and its allies mostly the Western nations and the Eastern coalition led by the USSR however, the two forces did not battle or utilized weapons against one another, it was battled through Nuclear Arms race, intermediary wars, ideological impact and propaganda war and in this mannerRead MoreThe Effect of the Cold War on the World1648 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswere responsible for worsening and prolonging the regional conflicts. The Cold War was the elongated tension between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. It started in the mid 40s after WWII had left Europe in shambles and USSR and US in superpower positions. The Cold War was a clash of these superpowers in political, ideological, security, and economic values and ideas. It caused a bipolar system in th e world where there were two dominant powers fighting to become the dominant power.Read MoreWorld War Two And Its Effect On The World1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWorld War Two World War Two began in 1939 and it when for six year, World War Two lasted until both the Germans and the Japanese had surrendered in 1945, which was six years after it began. It began in September 1939 when Britain and France declared war on Germany after Germany had invaded Poland. January 1933 Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany and he immediately he secretly built up Germany s army and weapons. In 1934 he made the size of the army bigger and he began to build warships andRead MoreThe Effects Of World War I1768 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Effects of World War I Lindsay Frabotta Ms. Beck Honors World Cultures Period 3 19 May 2017 The Effects of World War I The ancient Greek philosopher Plato once said, Ã¢â¬Å"Only the dead have seen the end of war.Ã¢â¬ While this quote could be associated with any war or battle, it is especially meaningful when discussing World War I. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s quote refers to the fact that war is never truly over and one can never tell when the next war will erupt. World War I was also known as Ã¢â¬Å"The War to End All WarsÃ¢â¬ Read MoreThe Great War And Its Effects On World War I1341 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshis children. Therefore, we can find comfort in the chain of circumstances God has organized not only for our lives but also for the world. God deliberately envisioned each aspect of The Great War and its effects. World War I was caused by Alliances, which led to a hunger for peace and the demise of the Ã¢â¬Å"lost generationÃ¢â¬ due to PTSD. One primary cause of World War I was the opposing Alliances, The Central Powers and The Allies. Animosity between the nations of France and Germany began because GermanyRead MoreEffects of World War II Essay887 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWorld War II had a large effect on America, on how we were regarded in the world, on how our culture would grow and develop, and on how our citizens would develop and settle the land on their return. It brought people together for a while that were later torn apart, and changed the way Americans looked at higher education. Perhaps most importantly, it brought America to the world and served it up to them as something that could grow and become part of their culture, call it the Coca-ColonizationRead MoreEffects Of World War II On America1078 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesZikra Imtiaz Govt. 2305 11/29/2016 Effects of World War II Americans have been wondering whether President Truman shouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve ordered the usage of weapons which was against Japan back in August 1945. The World War II which involved almost every part of the world. This decision had the citizens thinking every year that passes by as if the President had made wrong decision. This horrible event had the citizens in doubt. The results were not good for the Japanese civilians. Because the of the atomicRead MoreEffects Of World War I On America1425 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEffects of World War I on America Basic Work Rough Draft World War I was a bloody and gruesome war that drew in many countries from around the world. It lasted from July 28, 1914 to November 11, 1918. As mentioned, there were many countries involved in World War I. These countries were separated into two clashing alliances: The Triple Entente, involving the powers of France, Britain and Germany; as well as the Central Powers which involved the powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman EmpireRead MoreThe Effects of World War Two Essay1124 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Effects of World War Two WWII was one of the wars that had the most devastating effects on peoples live in Europe. During five years citizens of the different countries suffered from this brutal war to which they were condemned by their government. Two of the most affected home fronts during this war, were Britain, and Germany. Women, children were the most affected, and by many they were the moral support for their brigades, while men wre fighting in the front line. When war broke out
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
It might as well be Africa, the suburban areas of Dalkeith and Nedlands are both regions of Perth that are established along the Swan River. The quiet suburban area appeared calm to anybody who lived or visited there, the community is close and any changes throughout the neighborhood big or small would become rumors and spread as quick as a plague. But under that peaceful image lies the dark and horrible truth, the life of Eric Edgar Cooke. Western AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s worst serial killer Cooke lived in the peaceful suburban areas of Perth, many say he killed to seek revenge, others just claimed that he killed for the excitement. Cooke had been a resident of Nedlands but from day one he was an outsider, Cooke tried to fit in but after constant rejection it turned him to believe that the whole world was against him. Eric Cooke the husband of Sally Cooke and the father of his two children, one autistic and the other missing from her elbow down, had considerable reason to believe the world was against him; the insults and the embarrassment of his nickname Ã¢â¬Å"BirdmouthÃ¢â¬ . Horrible memories are brought up when mentioned to Sally Cooke about the life of her past husband, she recalls him going out on a Saturday night not letting her know we he was going. He would leave and return in the early hours of the morning sometimes even wet, at the start I was worried, I felt betrayed that he had been out with other women. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"But as time went on, it became a normal occurrence and I became more immune to the feelings. Ã¢â¬ Sally couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe that a person she had known, a person she had met in the Methodist church, a person she married and vowed to spend the rest of her life with was a murderer. The feeling she described was incomprehensible. Sally described EricÃ¢â¬â¢s life; she said that he had always spoken about how his dad beat him as a child; how he was bullied during his schooling years for his hair lip and a cleft palate and when our children were born Eric thought the whole world was failing for him. Ã¢â¬Å"I should have knownÃ¢â¬ Sally said in despair. Dr. Stephen Carter has suggested that CookeÃ¢â¬â¢s case was not alone; there have been many other cases throughout the world showing similar patterns or events. Dr Carter stated that the past of a person, creates a person in the present and their future is determined on the choices made based off their past. CookeÃ¢â¬â¢s life was determined from his childhood, his present personality of a murderer was determined from his upbringing and his future may have been different if he had been given a more stable and better upbringing. Ã¢â¬ Dr Carter said that during his working time in America he had seen many other cases similar to CookeÃ¢â¬â¢s, Ã¢â¬Å"The way a person is brought up has the biggest impact on their life. Ã¢â¬ Although Cooke had killed many people, none of his victims he had any direct anger towards. CookeÃ¢â¬â¢s anger was against society in general; not against any particular person. Ã¢â¬Å"Our memories are foundations for who we are. Ã¢â¬ Dr Carter stated. If for example a child is Ã¢â¬Ëover-lovedÃ¢â¬â¢, the child may become either rebellious or obnoxious and have no work ethic, or in CookeÃ¢â¬â¢s case; be beaten, not supported and grow up not knowing how to live life. Ã¢â¬ Eric Cooke committed some of the most violent murders in AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s history. A beautiful 20 year old, innocent women, murdered gruesomely by Cooke, she had her face, breasts, thighs, stomach and pelvis hacked apart. Jillian Brewer was murdered helplessly with a hatchet on a normal Saturday night, this murder shocked PerthÃ¢â¬â¢s calm atmosphere. Houses were locked, trust dissipated and overall people kept to themselves mo re and more. CookeÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior was bizarre and inconsistent; one particular murder took things to a completely new level, he strangled her with the cord from her bedside table lamp, her lifeless body then raped and dragged to her neighborÃ¢â¬â¢s lawn where she was violated and left grasping a bottle of whiskey. However after 22 violent crimes, 8 murders and 14 attempted murders, CookeÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation was as good as gone. John Sturkey one of CookeÃ¢â¬â¢s five Australia Day kills was his final call, after Cooke had shot Sturkey straight through his skull from 2 feet away he hid his gun out sight in a nearby bush, which was the mistake that sentenced him to death. Police found the gun and after ballistic reports found the gun had been used in the recent murders, returned the gun to the bush and waited for the murderer to return. Cooke returned to collect his vicious killing machine and was arrested and very soon after convicted for murder. Cooke admitted to all of the latest murders, even crimes that were unsolved he claimed. He could recall every little detail for almost every burglary he committed including every item he stole and exactly where it was. Within minutes of CookeÃ¢â¬â¢s trail he pleaded guilty to all 22 violent crimes, 8 murders, 14 attempted murders and over 250 burglaries. On the 26th of October, 1964, Eric Edgar Cooke was the last person in Western Australia to be hanged. Ã¢â¬ËOur experiences determine our sense of realityÃ¢â¬â¢ if only CookeÃ¢â¬â¢s father knew that if he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t drink alcohol, and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t beat his son, along with his peers during a young age not insulting him over his facial deformity and excepting Cooke for who he could have been, maybe nine people could still have been alive. Eric Cooke informed the jury during his sentence Ã¢â¬Å"I just wanted to hurt peopleÃ¢â¬ and still to this day the horrible memories are hidden within the Perth community.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Consideration of HRM Essay Title A Consideration of Human Resource Management future: Its time to unleash HRS full potential Introduction Human Resource Management involves the recruitment and management of the people who work in an organization. The focus of Human Resource Management is to attract, select, train, motivate and compensate employees, while making sure that they comply with employment and labor laws. In the stressful environment of todays businesses, organizations and managers are faced with numerous challenges. Technological change and innovation in product on one hand and the management complexity, on the other hand, make managers rely on human capital. Due to the changing business environment, human resource management also does undeniably need to change to respond to changes. The future is unpredictable and difficult to determine. As a result, the flexibility and business knowledge towards responding to this uncertainty is important. Today, the strategic challenges in the field of human resources are not limited only to administrative matters, but at the same time ttention should be given to the four criteria: 1) Human resources development infrastructure should be maintained, 2) Employees commitment should be engineered, 3) Human resource professionals are strategic partners of the organizations and, 4) HR professionals as internal consultants handle their change management. Literature Review Researchers and theorists have different views about what will happen to human resource function in future. We will write a custom essay sample on Consideration of HRM specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Consideration of HRM specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Consideration of HRM specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Most research has been done on topics of technology, intellectual capital, and government regulation, workforce demographic changes, hrinking organizations, international management and globalization. It is evident that all the issues mentioned play a very important role in human resource management over the coming decades, and some are clearly more effective than others, but very broad issues like the Future of human resource management are ambiguous. Workforce planning grew during the 1960s and early 1970s in a period of relative economic stability when unemployment was low and organizations were faced with supply shortages and the need to improve labor utilization (see Reilly, he economic downturn of the 1980s when the failure to prove the economic value of workforce plans resulted in many efforts being eliminated. The Problem Identification The activities of HR appear to be and often are disconnected from the real work of the organization. In fact, the primary responsibility for transforming the role of HR belongs to the CEO and to every line manager who must achieve business goals. The reason? Line managers have ultimate responsibility for both the processes and the outcomes of the company. It follows that they should lead the way in fully integrating HR into the companys real work. Indeed, to do so, they must become HR champions themselves. More important, they must hold HR accountable for delivering it. A team of professionals cannot be built by an organization without good Human Resource Management. As a result, businesses with good Human Resource Management (HRM) have higher profits than businesses without or with poor HRM. So, now its demand of time to explore new value for HRM. Although, some studies was done previously in he field of HRM but mostly all studies explored the importance of HRM (Q. Ye et al. , 20110) and scope, limitation which is now only for an historic symbol . These studies do not generalize for the future orientation. Also, there is a very limited research in the existing HRM literature by exploratory method. Therefore, this study will be undertaken to explore the Future of HRM among the world. Objectives The objectives of this study are to investigate and create an entirely new role and agenda for the field that focuses it not on traditional HR activities, but on outcomes. HR should be defined by what it delivers results that enrich the organizations value to customers, investors, and employees. Methodology A qualitative, case study research methodology will be chosen in this research. The research will be conducted through semi-structured interviews and common themes. Participants will be HR officials Experts who will be chosen randomly by sampling method from various famous organizations in Malaysia. Importance of the study The findings of this study will be useful for HR officials to be informed of new role for heir framework and also to make decision in different key point. It will also be helpful to make themselves capable while taking new challenges. Moreover, they can utilize this information to develop such an imperative plan model using user- generated content. 2013-2014 research time line Activity/Duration November December January February March April May June Problem formulation Finding Literature review Preparing Methodology 2014-2015 research time line July August Sep oct Nov Jan Feb Data Collection Analysis acquired data Thesis Submission References
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Biography of Al Capone, Prohibition Era Crime Boss Al Capone (January 17, 1899Ã¢â¬âJanuary 25, 1947) was a notorious gangster who ran an organized crime syndicate in Chicago during the 1920s, taking advantage of the era of Prohibition. Capone, who was both charming and charitable as well as powerful and vicious, became an iconic figure of the successful American gangster. Fast Facts: Al Capone Known For: Notorious gangster in Chicago during ProhibitionBorn: January 17, 1899 in Brooklyn, New YorkParents: Gabriele and Teresina (Teresa) CaponeDied: January 25, 1947 in Miami, FloridaEducation: Left grade school at 14Spouse: Mary Mae CoughlinChildren: Albert Francis Capone Early Life Al Capone (Alphonse Capone, and known as Scarface) was born on January 17, 1899, in Brooklyn, New York, to Italian immigrants Gabriele and Teresina (Teresa) Capone and was the fourth of their nine children. From all known accounts, Capones childhood was a normal one. His father was a barber and his mother stayed home with the children. They were a tight-knit Italian family trying to succeed in their new country. Like many immigrant families at the time, the Capone children often dropped out of school early to help earn money for the family. Al Capone stayed in school until he was 14 and then left to take a number of odd jobs. Around the same time, Capone joined a street gang called the South Brooklyn Rippers and then later the Five Points Juniors. These were groups of teenagers who roamed the streets, protected their turf from rival gangs, and sometimes carried out petty crimes like stealing cigarettes. Scarface It was through the Five Points gang that Al Capone came to the attention of brutal New York mobster Frankie Yale. In 1917, 18-year-old Capone went to work for Yale at the Harvard Inn as a bartender and as a waiter and bouncer when needed. Capone watched and learned as Yale used violence to maintain control over his empire. One day while working at the Harvard Inn, Capone saw a man and woman sitting at a table. After his initial advances were ignored, Capone went up to the good-looking woman and whispered in her ear, Honey, you have a nice ass and I mean that as a compliment. The man with her was her brother, Frank Gallucio. Defending his sisters honor, Gallucio punched Capone. However, Capone didnt let it end there; he decided to fight back. Gallucio then took out a knife and slashed at Capones face, managing to cut Capones left cheek three times (one of which cut Capone from ear to mouth). The scars left from this attack led to Capones nickname of Scarface, a name he personally hated. Family Life Not long after this attack, Al Capone met Mary (Mae) Coughlin, who was pretty, blonde, middle-class, and came from a respectable Irish family. A few months after they started dating, Mae became pregnant. Al Capone and Mae got married on December 30, 1918, three weeks after their son (Albert Francis Capone, a.k.a. Sonny) was born. Sonny was to remain Capones only child. Throughout the rest of his life, Al Capone kept his family and his business interests completely separate. Capone was a doting father and husband, taking great care in keeping his family safe, cared for, and out of the spotlight. However, despite his love for his family, Capone did have a number of mistresses over the years. Plus, unknown to him at the time, Capone contracted syphilis from a prostitute before he met Mae. Since the symptoms of syphilis can disappear quickly, Capone had no idea that he still had the sexually transmitted disease or that it would so greatly affect his health in later years. Chicago About 1920, Capone left the East Coast and headed to Chicago. He was looking for a fresh start working for Chicago crime boss Johnny Torrio. Unlike Yale who used violence to run his racket, Torrio was a sophisticated gentleman who preferred cooperation and negotiation to rule his crime organization. Capone was to learn a lot from Torrio. Capone started out in Chicago as a manager for the Four Deuces, a place where clients could drink and gamble downstairs or visit prostitutes upstairs. Capone did well in this position and worked hard to earn Torrios respect. Soon Torrio had increasingly important jobs for Capone and by 1922, Capone had risen up the ranks in Torrios organization. When William E. Dever, an honest man, took over as Chicagos mayor in 1923, Torrio decided to avoid the mayors attempts to curb crime by moving his headquarters to the Chicago suburb of Cicero. It was Capone who made this happen. Capone established speakeasies, brothels, and gambling joints. Capone also worked diligently to get all the important city officials on his payroll. It didnt take long for Capone to own Cicero. Capone had more than proven his worth to Torrio and it wasnt long before Torrio handed over the entire organization to Capone. Crime Boss Following the November 1924 murder of Dion OBanion (an associate of Torrio and Capones who had become untrustworthy), Torrio and Capone were seriously hunted by one of OBanions vengeful friends. Fearing for his life, Capone drastically upgraded everything about his personal safety, including surrounding himself with bodyguards and ordering a bulletproof Cadillac sedan. Torrio, on the other hand, did not greatly change his routine and on January 12, 1925, he was savagely attacked just outside his home. Nearly killed, Torrio decided to retire and hand his entire organization over to Capone in March 1925. Capone had learned well from Torrio and soon proved himself to be an extremely successful crime boss. Capone as a Celebrity Gangster Al Capone, only 26 years old, was now in charge of a very large crime organization that included brothels, nightclubs, dance halls, race tracks, gambling establishments, restaurants, speakeasies, breweries, and distilleries. As a major crime boss in Chicago, Capone put himself in the publics eye. In Chicago, Capone became an outlandish character. He dressed in colorful suits, wore a white fedora hat, proudly displayed his 11.5-carat diamond pinky ring, and would often pull out his huge roll of bills while out in public places. It was hard not to notice Al Capone. Capone was also known for his generosity. He would frequently tip a waiter $100, had standing orders in Cicero to hand out coal and clothes to the needy during the cold winters, and opened some of the first soup kitchens during the Great Depression. There were also numerous stories of how Capone would personally help out when he heard a hard-luck story, such as a woman considering turning to prostitution to help her family or a young kid who couldnt go to college because of the high cost of tuition. Capone was so generous to the average citizen that some even considered him a modern-day Robin Hood. Cold-Blooded Killer As much as the average citizen considered Capone to be a generous benefactor and local celebrity, Capone was also a cold-blooded killer. Although the exact numbers will never be known, it is believed that Capone personally murdered dozens of people and ordered the killing of hundreds of others. One such example of Capone handling things personally occurred in the spring of 1929. Capone had learned that three of his associates planned to betray him, so he invited all three to a huge banquet. After the three unsuspecting men had eaten heartily and drank their fill, Capones bodyguards quickly tied them to their chairs. Capone then picked up a baseball bat and began hitting them, breaking bone after bone. When Capone was done with them, the three men were shot in the head and their bodies dumped out of town. The most famous example of a hit believed to be ordered by Capone was the February 14, 1929 assassination now called the St. Valentines Day Massacre. On that day, Capones Henchman Machine Gun Jack McGurn attempted to lure rival crime leader George Bugs Moran into a garage and kill him. The ruse was actually quite elaborate and would have been completely successful if Moran hadnt been running a few minutes late. Still, seven of Morans top men were gunned down in that garage. Tax Evasion Despite committing murder and other crimes for years, it was the St. Valentines Day Massacre that brought Capone to the attention of the federal government. When President Herbert Hoover learned about Capone, Hoover personally pushed for Capones arrest. The federal government had a two-pronged attack plan. One part of the plan included collecting evidence of Prohibition violations as well as shutting down Capones illegal businesses. Treasury agent Eliot Ness and his group of Untouchables were to enact this part of the plan by frequently raiding Capones breweries and speakeasies. The forced shut down, plus the confiscation of all that was found, severely hurt Capones business- and his pride. The second part of the governments plan was to find evidence of Capone not paying taxes on his massive income. Capone had been careful over the years to run his businesses with cash only or through third parties. However, the IRS found an incriminating ledger and some witnesses who were able to testify against Capone. On October 6, 1931, Capone was brought to trial. He was charged with 22 counts of tax evasion and 5,000 violations of the Volstead Act (the main Prohibition law). The first trial focused only on the tax evasion charges. On October 17, Capone was found guilty of only five of the 22 tax evasion charges. The judge, not wanting Capone to get off easily, sentenced Capone to 11 years in prison, $50,000 in fines, and court costs totaling $30,000. Capone was completely shocked. He had thought he could bribe the jury and get away with these charges just like he had dozens of others. He had no idea that this was to be the end of his reign as a crime boss. He was only 32 years old. Alcatraz When most high-ranking gangsters went to prison, they usually bribed the warden and prison guards in order to make their stay behind bars plush with amenities. Capone was not that lucky. The government wanted to make an example of him. After his appeal was denied, Capone was taken to the Atlanta Penitentiary in Georgia on May 4, 1932. When rumors leaked out that Capone had been receiving special treatment there, he was chosen to be one of the first inmates at the new maximum security prison at Alcatraz in San Francisco. When Capone arrived at Alcatraz in August 1934, he became prisoner number 85. There were no bribes and no amenities at Alcatraz. Capone was in a new prison with the most violent of criminals, many of whom wanted to challenge the tough gangster from Chicago. However, just as daily life became more brutal for him, his body began to suffer from the long-term effects of syphilis. Over the next several years, Capone began to grow increasingly disoriented, experienced convulsions, slurred speech, and a shuffling walk. His mind quickly deteriorated. After spending four-and-a-half years at Alcatraz, Capone was transferred on January 6, 1939, to a hospital at the Federal Correctional Institution in Los Angeles. A few months after that Capone was transferred to a penitentiary in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. On November 16, 1939, Capone was paroled. Retirement and Death Capone had tertiary syphilis, which could not be healed. However, Capones wife Mae took him to a number of different doctors. Despite many novel attempts at a cure, Capones mind continued to degenerate. Capone spent his remaining years in quiet retirement at his estate in Miami, Florida while his health slowly got worse. On January 19, 1947, Capone suffered a stroke. After developing pneumonia, Capone died on January 25, 1947, of cardiac arrest at age 48. Sources Capeci, Dominic J. Al Capone: Symbol of a Ballyhoo Society. The Journal of Ethnic Studies 2.33Ã¢â¬â50 (1975).Haller, Mark H. Organized Crime in Urban Society: Chicago in the Twentieth Century. Journal of Social History 5.2 (1971): 210Ã¢â¬â34.Iorizzo, Luciano J. Al Capone: A Biography. Greenwood Biographies. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2003.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Importance of the Qur'an - Essay Example Islam is harmonizing human relations. Importance of the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an The QurÃ¢â¬â¢an explains the need for salvation and the way how it is important to be saved. The followers of Islam should realize not only Ã¢â¬Å"unseenÃ¢â¬ , but also accept AllahÃ¢â¬â¢s rules and follow them. Therefore, five basic pillars outlined in the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an should be followed by the adherents of Islam. The QurÃ¢â¬â¢an is the guidance for the followers. They direct their actions with respect to GodÃ¢â¬â¢s paths. To perform Five Pillars and other activities under the guidance of Allah is a way to reach salvation and reveal truth of the existence on the Earth. To follow QurÃ¢â¬â¢an is to understand the essence of the Islamic religion, because it is very important to realize the essence of faith. Muslims are people, which are acting in accordance with the directions of Islam. These rules and guidelines can be found in the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an. To fit in the organic part of the humanity is to become a natural and careful person, which is attentive for the Islamic regulations outlined in the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an. There is a deep and a profound intention of Muslims, which is to embody this Holy Book: Ã¢â¬Å"Behind all the stress on practice is the recognition that the KoranÃ must become flesh and blood. It is not enough for people to read the KoranÃ or learn what it says. ... There is no doubt that the truth of being was revealed to him in the words of God. Shariah is taught by God and the Prophet equally. The former is the inspirer of the latter. For Muslims to follow the Sunnah is to do the same deeds, as the Prohet Muhammad did himself. The QurÃ¢â¬â¢an is said to be received by the Prophet from God. To receive the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an for the followers of Allah means to memorize it, recite it and reproduce the main points of it. A great emphasis in the Islamic religion is made on the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an memorization, because it is the basis for the Islamic education. Everyday every Muslims has an opportunity to renew oneself. There is a need to determine a degree of MuslimsÃ¢â¬â¢ faith degree. For this purpose, truly devoted followers of the Islamic religion should observe verses from the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an, understand and follow them. Learning, which were gained from the Prophet, were perfectly embodied by the Muslims in their daily practices. They have many opport unities to follow teachings of the Prophet. The Sunnah is the source of Shariah practices. Moreover, both the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an and the Sunnah contribute much to relationships development among the Muslims. There is a basic teaching, which is to my mind is the main intention of the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an:"When time is for you, give thanks to God, and when it is against you, have patience" (QurÃ¢â¬â¢an online). Therefore, faith in God and patience are the most remarkable features of the Islamic religion. These beliefs are promoted both by the Prophet and God. QurÃ¢â¬â¢an describes itself There are some controversial verses found in the QurÃ¢â¬â¢an. For example: Do they not consider the Qur'an (with care)?Ã Had it been from other than Allah, they wouldÃ surely have found therein much